Garum brought up to date The Roman fish sauce probably isn't Roman

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fish-mosaicGarum is one of those ancient foods that everyone seems to have heard of. It is usually described as “fermented fish guts,” or something equally unappealing, and people often call it the Roman ketchup, because they used it so liberally on so many things. Fermented fish guts is indeed accurate, though calculated to distance ourselves from it. And garum is just one form of fermented fish; there’s also liquamen, muria. allec and haimation. All this I learned from Laura Kelley, author of The Silk Road Gourmet. Unlike most of the people who opine on garum, and who offer recipes for quick garum, she painstakingly created the real deal. She is also convinced that it isn’t really Roman in origin. We only think of it that way because history is written by the victors not the vanquished.

And then there’s the whole question of the Asian fish sauces, Vietnamese nước mắm and the rest of them. Independent discovery, or copied from the Romans?


  1. Laura gives a full blow-by-blow on her website. Copying her is probably the only way to produce something that approximates genuine garum.
  2. She also mentioned colatura, a fish sauce still made in Italy. I haven’t tried it, although it is available, at least in the US, by mail order.
  3. Photo of the garum vats in Baelo Claudia by Janet Mendel.


  1. Dear Jeremy,

    Thank you for your thoughtful podcast. I have also followed Silk Road and Ms. Kelly’s garum making. ( less salt would get better fermentation going and more even more protein rich umami. There is also a histamine problem with Spanish Mackeral and we have solved it)

    The is way too much mystery behind the garum Vail.
    Perhaps there is way too much mystery behind most culinary things these days?

    We humans all have the facility for hooking up to the currents that are there in the atmosphere. The Garum lay sleeping and we just woke it up.
    Everything we do, everything we think, exists already we are only the intermediaries. That’s all we make use of what is already in the air

    Please let me know if you want a sample of the garum we are fermenting.

    Ms. Lauren Stacy Berdy

  2. Pingback: Garum - Its not as Roman as You Think! - The Silk Road Gourmet

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